Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Performance Analysis of Propagation Model using Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Network Routing Protocols

Ayyaswamy Kathirvel, Dr. Rengaramanujam Srinivasan


Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) consist of a collection of wireless mobile nodes, which dynamically exchange data among themselves without the reliance on a fixed base station or a wired backbone network. In this work, we present investigations on the behavior of various networks routing protocol with propagation model. We evaluate theperformance of four different ad hoc routing protocols using propagation models that take into account two main characteristics of the wireless channel – path loss and shadowing. We present a comparison between the performances of the protocols in this setting and in the idealized free space propagation setting through QualNet 4.5 network simulation. The studies would be helpful in choosing the correct protocol and tuning it corresponding to the operating environment envisaged.


MANET, Routing Protocols, Propagation model, and Shadowing.

Full Text:



C. Sivaram murthy and B.S. Manoj, “ Ad hoc wireless networks architectures and protocols”, Pearson Education, First edition, 2007.

Jochen Schiller, “Mobile Communications”, Pearson Education, Second edition, 2007.

D. Johnson, D. Maltz, and J. Jetcheva, DSR: The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Network, Ad Hoc Networking. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 2001, ch. 5.

D.B. Johnson and D.A. Maltz, “Dynamic source routing in ad hocwireless networks”, in Mobile Computing, volume 353, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

D.B. Johnson, D.A. Maltz, and Y.C. Hu, “ The dynamic source routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks (dsr). Internet Draft,draft-ietf-manet-dsr-09.txt, April, 2003.

C. Perkins, and E. Royer, “Ad hoc on-demand distance vector routing”, in Proc. IEEE WMCSA, 1999, pp. 90-100.

C. Perkins, E. Royer and S. Das, “Ad hoc on demand distance vector (AODV) routing”, Internet Draft, draft-ietf manet-aodv-10.txt, 2002.

S. Das, C. Perkins, and E. Royer, “Performance comparison of two on-demand routing protocols for ad hoc networks”, in Proc. IEE INFOCOM, 2003, pp. 3-12.

Scalable Networks Technologies: QualNet simulator 4.5

Wenjing Lou and Yuguang Fang, “Predictive caching strategy for on-demand routing protocols in wireless ad hoc networks”, Wireless networks 8, pp. 671-679, 2002.

Ashwini K. Pandey and Hiroshi Fujinoki, “Study of MANET routing protocols by Glomosim simulator”, International Journal of Network Management, pp. 393 – 410.

Kui Wu, and JanelleHarms, “Performance study of proactive flow handoff for mobile ad hoc networks”, Proc in Int Conf. pp.1-15.

Zhi Ren and Jing Su, “ A cross-layer aodv routing protocol”, Proc. of IEEE ICMA, 2005. Pp 2150 -2155.

Ljubica Blazevic, Jean-Yvas Boudec and Silvia Giordano, “ A location based routing method for mobile ad hoc networks”, IEEE transactions on Mobile computing, vol 4 no 2 march/april 2005.

Alvin C Valera, Winston K G Seah and S V Rao, “Improving protocol robustness in ad hoc networks through cooperative packet caching and shortest multipath routing”, IEEE transcations on Mobile computing, vol 4 no 5, septemper/october 2005.

J Broch, D Maltz, D Johnson, Y C Hu and J Jetcheva, “A performance comparison of multihop wireless ad hoc network routing protocols”, Proc.ACM/IEEE Mobicom Conf. pp. 85- 97, 1998.

S J Lee, C.K Toh and M Gerla, “ Performance evaluation of table-driven and on-demand ad hoc routing protocols”, proc. IEEE symp. Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Comm., pp. 297-301, 1999.

S Das, R Castaneda, J T Yan and R Sengupta, “ Comparative performance evaluation of routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks”, proc. IEEE Int’l Conf. Computer Comm and Networks, 1998.

Asad Amir Pirzada, Chris Mc Donald, and Amitava Datta, “Performance comparison of trust based reactive routing protocols”, IEEE transactions on Mobile computing, vol 5 no 6, June 2006.

Rendong Bai and Mukesh Singhal, “ DOA: DSR over AODV routing for mobile ad hoc networks”, IEEE transcations on Mobile computing, vol 5,no 10, october 2006.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.