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Analysis of Power-Aware and Stability Based On-Demand Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Network

K. Kavitha, Dr. K. Selvakumar, P. Gokila


The Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs) are wireless networks where a collection of mobile nodes may dynamically vary the topological structure. The design of efficient routing protocols is a fundamental problem in MANETs. Stability-based routing and Power-aware routing protocols are simulated. In this paper the Flow-Oriented Routing Protocol (FORP), Min-Max Battery Cost Routing (MMBCR) as representatives of the Stability-based routing and Power-aware routing respectively. FORP incurs the least number of route transitions, its tends to repeatedly use nodes lying on the stable path. MMBCR is most fair in terms of node usage and minimum energy consumed by per data packet whereas FORP incurs maximum energy consumed by per data packet. FORP gives higher values of packet delivery fraction. A high value of PDF indicates that most of the packets are being delivered to the higher layers and is a good indicator of the protocol performance. MMBCR make minimum use of power control by conserving the battery charge at the nodes while transferring data packets. Compared to that of the FORP, MMBCR have the smallest hop count and lowest end-to-end delay per data packet. The simulation of these protocols has been carried out by using NS-2 simulator. Five different simulation scenarios are generated and maximum node speed has been varied and other network parameters are kept constant during the simulation. The main objective of this paper is to implement the FORP and MMBCR and compare the performance metrics of route transitions, end-to-end delay, energy and packet delivery fraction.


AODV Protocol, DSR Protocol, FORP, MMBCR, and Wireless Network

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