Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Comparative Analysis of Energy Efficient SP-LEACH and Classical LEACH Protocols of WSNs

P. Naveen Kumar, D.S. Anil Kumar, C.V. Sujana, A V. Sumanth


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are the networks of sensing devices called nodes, which are connected without any sought of wires. For the sake of communicating the information from nodes to the Base Station (BS), node should posses a communication unit, it is very necessary for a power supply unit to drive the communication unit. The protruding issue in any WSN is with the power consumption and Energy constraints. Senor node consumes a huge amount of power for the transmission of sensed real time information. For certain applications like in remote areas or in military applications, replacement or recharging of batteries at sensor nodes will be very challenging, where human intervention is difficult. In order to find a better solution for this problem we worked on the existing cluster based routing protocol- LEACH and designed a novel algorithm called Specialized Power (SP-LEACH), which can minimize the overall power consumption for communication in the network confirming uniform load amongst nodes which results in getting an improved energy efficient network. In turn it also enhances the life time for WSNs. Newly developed protocol, SP-LEACH is been subjected to a detailed comparison with the existing LEACH protocol and those systematic comparisons and the results obtained are clearly explained in this paper.


Energy Efficient Routing Protocol, LEACH, SP-LEACH, and Cluster Head (CH).

Full Text:



. Kemal Akkaya , Mohamed Younis, A Survey on Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks, Elsevier, Ad Hoc Networks 3 (2005) 325–349

. K S Shivaprakasha, Muralidhar Kulkarni, “Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey”, International Review on Computers and Software, Vol.6, Issue 6, November 2011.

. Poonam Shrivastava, Srija Unnikrishnan, “Analysis of LEACH and Its Variants for Routing In Wireless Sensor Networks”,et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 3, Issue 6, Nov-Dec 2013, pp.386-389

. M.Shanthi and E.Rama Devi, “A Cluster Based Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network for Energy Consumption”, International Journal of Advanced Networking and Applications, Vol 05, Issue 04, pp 2015-2020, 2014.

. N. Thangadurai and R. Dhanasekaran, “Energy Efficient Cluster Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol 71, No.7, 2013.

. Shio Kumar Singh, M P Singh, D K Singh, “A Survey of Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Cluster-Based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Journal of Networking and Application, Vol 02, Issue 02, pp 570-580, 2010.

. Laiali Almazaydeh, Eman Abdelfattah, Manal Al- Bzoor and Amer Al- Rahayfeh, “Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocols in WSN”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol 2, No 2, 2010.

. Jin Wang, Xiaoqin Yang, Yuhui Zheng, Jianwei Zhang and Jeong-Uk Kim, “An Energy-Efficient Multi-hop Hierarchical Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks” International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking Vol. 5, No. 4, December, 2012

. Naveen Sharma and Anand Nayyar, “A Comprehensive Review of Cluster Based Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”, International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering of Management, Vol 3, Issue 1, 2014.

. G. Nivetha, “Energy Optimization Routing Techniques In Wireless Sensor Networks”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2012.

. Xiaoyan Cui, “Research and Improvement of LEACH Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks”, International Symposium on Microwave, Antenna, Propagation and EMC Technologies for Wireless Communications, pp 251- 254, IEEE 2007.

. Arathi Manjeshwar and Dharma P. Agarwal, “TEEN: A Routing Protocol for Enhanced Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks”, International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing, Vol. 3, IEEE Computer Society, 2001.

. Naveen Kumar P, Sumanth A V, Anil Kumar D S and Sujana C V, “SP-LEACH: An Energy Efficient Cluster Based Routing Protocol for WSNs”, IFRSA International Journal of Electronics Circuits and Systems, Vol. 4, issue 2, pp 85-89, July 2015.

. Naveen Kumar P, Sumanth A V, Anil Kumar D S and Sujana C V, “Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for WSNs: A Survey”, Proceedings of 6th National Conference on Information Sciences, School of Information Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, pp 04-08, 27th and 28th Mar 2015.

. Ossama Younis, Marwan Krunz, and Srinivasan Ramasubramanian, “Node Clustering in Wireless Sensor Networks: Recent Developments and Deployment Challenges”, IEEE Networks, Vol 20, No 3, May/June 2006.

. Ge Ran, Huazhong Zhang, Shulan Gong, “Improving on LEACH Protocol of Wireless Sensor Networks Using Fuzzy Logic”, Journal of Information & Computational Science Vol 7, No 3, pp 767–775, 2010.

. Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman, Anantha Chandrakasan, and Hari Balakrishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Micro sensor Networks”, Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences – 2000.

. Rajashree.V.Biradar, V.C .Patil, Dr. S. R. Sawant, Dr. R. R. Mudholkar, “Classification and Comparison of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Special Issue on Ubiquitous Computing Security Systems, UbiCC Journal – Volume 4, pp 704-711.

. Luis Javier García Villalba *, Ana Lucila Sandoval Orozco, Alicia Triviño Cabrera and Cláudia Jacy Barenco Abbas, “Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”,Sensors 2009, 9, 8399-8421.

. Xuxun Liu, “A Survey on Clustering Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Sensors 2012, 12, 11113-11153.

. Malik Tubaishat and Sanjay Madria, “Sensor networks: an overview”. IEEE POTENTIAL, April/ May 2003.

. Madhav Bokar, Anagha Ralegaonkar, “Wireless Sensor Network: A Promising Approach for Distributed Sensing Tasks”. Excel Journal of Engineering Technology and Management Science, Vol. I No.1 December-January 2012.

. Seema Bandyopadhyay and Edward J. Coyle, “An Energy Efficient Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE INFOCOM 2000.

. NS-2 Download

. LEACH patch download file://root/ns-allinone-2.34/notes/randomearly-detection-leach-in-ns-2-tcl.html


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.