The Role of Online Recitation through Forum Discussion in the Online Learning Modality of Senior High School Academic Track Students
The new normal has brought changes in the teaching-learning platform. Different modalities are implemented to ensure the continuation of education, but some nations had decided to close their educational system while amidst the pandemic. The Philippines have decided to enter the synchronous and asynchronous modality of learning. This study aimed to know the role of online recitation through forum discussion in the synchronous learning modality. Thirty grade 11 STEM students were chosen purposively for this study. Google Classroom was the online platform used by the researchers, the classwork section of the google classroom was utilized where questions were posted, and responses were placed by the students. Rubric scoring was used to grade the works of students. The result of the study showed that there is no significant difference in the performance of students in terms of participation, quality of posts, plagiarism, and students' attitudes.
R. P. Aacharya, “(PDF) ‘New Normal’ in Medical Education,” Jul. 2020. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343263212_%27New_Normal%27_in_Medical_Education (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
D. Drohan, E. Deleastar, and P. Seeling, “Online Education and the ‘New Normal,’” in SIGITE 2020 - Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference on Information Technology Education, Oct. 2020, p. 301, doi: 10.1145/3368308.3415433.
R. A. Tiria and D. G. Caballes, “Implementation of Education 4.0 in the Senior High School in the Sixth District of Manila | Request PDF,” CiiT International Journal of Automation and Autonomous System, Mar. 2020. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351075006_Implementation_of_Education_40_in_the_Senior_High_School_in_the_Sixth_District_of_Manila (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
“🥇 Types Of Classroom Technologies.” https://modernconsumers.com/types-classroom-technologies/ (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
Blackburn-Dwyer. Brandon, “8 High-Tech Gadgets That Are Making Classrooms Smarter,” 2016. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/8-high-tech-gadgets-that-are-making-classrooms-sma/ (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
P. Gupta, “5 Effective Teaching Methods and Strategies - EdTechReviewTM (ETR),” Jan. 2016. https://edtechreview.in/trends-insights/insights/2271-effective-teaching-strategies (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
“Recitations and Labs: Suggestions for Teaching Assistants | Graduate Studies | Nebraska.” https://www.unl.edu/gradstudies/current/teaching/recitation (accessed Apr. 24, 2021).
D. C. Wibowo, F. Friana, and E. D. Pelipa, “Effect of Recitation Method to the Students’ Interest and Learning Results,” J. Stud. Guru dan Pembelajaran, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 16–20, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.30605/jsgp.1.1.2018.22.
J. X. Watt, C. R. Feldhaus, B. H. Sorge, G. A. Fore, A. D. Gavrin, and K. A. Marrs, “The effects of implementing recitation activities on success rates in a college calculus course 1,” J. Scholarsh. Teach. Learn., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1–17, 2014, doi: 10.14434/josotl.v14i4.12823.
R. J. Endorf, K. M. Koenig, and G. A. Braun, “A preliminary study of the effectiveness of different recitation teaching methods,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, Feb. 2006, vol. 818, pp. 89–92, doi: 10.1063/1.2177030.
I. N. Umar and Z. A. Aziz, “The Effects of Multimedia with Different Modes of Presentation on Recitation Skills Among Students with Different Self-regulated Learning Level,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 197, pp. 1962–1968, Jul. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.584.
L. Molinari and C. Mameli, “Process quality of classroom discourse: Pupil participation and learning opportunities,” Int. J. Educ. Res., vol. 62, pp. 249–258, Jun. 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.ijer.2013.05.003.
J. Staveley-O’Carroll, “The impact of classroom demonstrations and online discussions on student achievement,” Int. Rev. Econ. Educ., vol. 20, pp. 46–58, Sep. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.iree.2015.10.003.
K. Duncan, A. Kenworthy, and R. McNamara, “The Effect of Synchronous and Asynchronous Participation on Students’ Performance in Online Accounting Courses,” Account. Educ., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 431–449, Aug. 2012, doi: 10.1080/09639284.2012.673387.
M. Camus, N. E. Hurt, L. R. Larson, and L. Prevost, “Facebook as an Online Teaching Tool: Effects on Student Participation, Learning, and Overall Course Performance,” Coll. Teach., vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 84–94, Apr. 2016, doi: 10.1080/87567555.2015.1099093.
B. Ozaydın Ozkara and H. Cakir, “Participation in online courses from the students’ perspective,” Interact. Learn. Environ., vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 924–942, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1080/10494820.2017.1421562.
M. Papastergiou, P. Antoniou, and M. Apostolou, “Effects of student participation in an online learning community on environmental education: A Greek case study,” Technol. Pedagog. Educ., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 127–142, Jul. 2011, doi: 10.1080/1475939X.2011.588416.
D. M. Poole, “Student participation in a discussion-oriented online course: A case study,” J. Res. Comput. Educ., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 162–177, 2000, doi: 10.1080/08886504.2000.10782307.
S. Vonderwell and S. Zachariah, “Factors that influence participation in online learning,” J. Res. Technol. Educ., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 213–230, 2005, doi: 10.1080/15391523.2005.10782457.
T. Anderson and J.-A. Christiansen, “ONLINE CONFERENCES FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.”
H. J. So, “When groups decide to use asynchronous online discussions: Collaborative learning and social presence under a voluntary participation structure,” J. Comput. Assist. Learn., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 143–160, Apr. 2009, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2008.00293.x.
K. Masters and G. Oberprieler, “Encouraging equitable online participation through curriculum articulation,” Comput. Educ., vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 319–332, 2004, doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2003.09.001.
E. Yukselturk, “AN INVESTIGATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENT PARTICIPATION LEVEL IN AN ONLINE DISCUSSION FORUM,” 2010.
O. Yilmaz and H. Tuzun, “(PDF) Web-Based Instruction: Instructor and Student Problems,” 2001. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234588000_Web-Based_Instruction_Instructor_and_Student_Problems (accessed May 15, 2021).
G. V Davidson-Shivers, G. V Davidson-Shivers, S. Morris, and T. Sriwongkol, “Gender and Online Discussions: Similarities or Differences?,” EdMedia + Innov. Learn., vol. 2001, no. 1, pp. 361–366, 2001.
V. A. Durrington and C. Yu, “ERIC - EJ874952 - It’s the Same Only Different: The Effect the Discussion Moderator Has on Student Participation in Online Class Discussions, Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 2004,” Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 2004. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ874952 (accessed May 15, 2021).
J. W. Alstete and N. J. Beutell, “Performance indicators in online distance learning courses: A study of management education,” Qual. Assur. Educ., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 6–14, Mar. 2004, doi: 10.1108/09684880410517397.
C. A. Murphy and R. A. Fortner, “Impact of Instructor Intervention on the Quality and Frequency of Student Discussion Posts in a Blended Classroom,” MERLOT J. Online Learn. Teach., vol. 10, no. 3, 2014.
M. Gharmallah Alzahrani, “Student Satisfaction with Using Online Discussion Forums at Saudi Universities,” World J. Educ., vol. 7, no. 2, 2017, doi: 10.5430/wje.v7n2p1.
M. Alavi, “Computer-mediated collaborative learning: An empirical evaluation,” MIS Q. Manag. Inf. Syst., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 159–174, 1994, doi: 10.2307/249763.
A. Beuchot and M. Bullen, “Interaction and interpersonality in online discussion forums,” http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587910500081285, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 67–87, May 2007, doi: 10.1080/01587910500081285.
* V. P. D., “From message posting to learning dialogues: Factors affecting learner participation in asynchronous discussion,” http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587910500081376, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 127–148, May 2007, doi: 10.1080/01587910500081376.
S. Palmer, D. Holt, and S. Bray, “Does the discussion help? The impact of a formally assessed online discussion on final student results,” Br. J. Educ. Technol., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 847–858, Sep. 2008, doi: 10.1111/J.1467-8535.2007.00780.X.
Hew, Cheung, and Ng, “Sci-Hub | Student contribution in asynchronous online discussion: a review of the research and empirical exploration | 10.2307/23372901,” Springer, 2010. https://sci-hub.ee/10.2307/23372901 (accessed Oct. 18, 2021).
A. F. Wise, J. Speer, F. Marbouti, and Y. T. Hsiao, “Broadening the notion of participation in online discussions: Examining patterns in learners’ online listening behaviors,” Instr. Sci., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 323–343, Mar. 2013, doi: 10.1007/S11251-012-9230-9.
E. W. Thompson and W. C. Savenye, “Adult Learner Participation in an Online Degree Program: A program‐level study of voluntary computer‐mediated communication,” http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587910701611336, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 299–312, Nov. 2007, doi: 10.1080/01587910701611336.
M. Mazzolini and S. Maddison, “Sage, guide or ghost? The effect of instructor intervention on student participation in online discussion forums,” Comput. Educ., vol. 40, pp. 237–253, 2003, Accessed: Oct. 13, 2021. [Online]. Available: www.elsevier.com/locate/compedu.
S. L. Althaus and S. L. Althaus, “Computer-Mediated Communication in the University Classroom: An Experiment...,” Commun. Educ., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 158–74, 1997.
A. Y. Wang and M. H. Newlin, “Characteristics of students who enroll and succeed in psychology web-based classes,” J. Educ. Psychol., vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 137–143, 2000, doi: 10.1037/0022-0622.214.171.124.
B. K. Bryant, “Electronic Discussion Sections: A Useful Tool in Teaching Large University Classes,” Teach. Psychol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 271–275, 2005, doi: 10.1207/S15328023TOP3204_9.
H. Ma, E. Y. Lu, S. Turner, and G. Wan, “ERIC - EJ780517 - An Empirical Investigation of Digital Cheating and Plagiarism among Middle School Students, American Secondary Education, 2007,” Sep. 2007. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ780517 (accessed Oct. 22, 2021).
H. H. Brower, “On Emulating Classroom Discussion in a Distance-Delivered OBHR Course: Creating an On-Line Learning Community,” https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2003.9324013, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 22–36, Nov. 2017, doi: 10.5465/AMLE.2003.9324013.
A. Andujar, “Exploring New Ways of eTandem and Telecollaboration Through the WebRTC Protocol: Students’ Engagement and Perceptions Mobile Instant Messaging and Language Learning View project Telecollaboration through Web RTC View project Cristóbal Medina-López Universidad de Almería,” Artic. Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Learn., 2019, doi: 10.3991/ijet.v14i05.9612.
D. P. R. de Lima, M. A. Gerosa, T. U. Conte, and J. F. de M. Netto, “What to expect, and how to improve online discussion forums: the instructors’ perspective,” J. Internet Serv. Appl. 2019 101, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–15, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1186/S13174-019-0120-0.
W. Khan Director B-Tech, O. Ullah, W. Khan, and A. Khan, “Students’ Attitude towards Online Learning at Tertiary Level,” PUTAJ-Humanities Soc. Sci. , vol. 25, no. 2, p. 2017.
- There are currently no refbacks.